LrFAS1ZYHmgTransforming university education: training (health) professionals of the future

22 May 17:30-19:00
Location: Small hall, Scientific Library TSU, prospect Lenina 34, old building, 1st floor

Our societies currently face new, ‘wicked’, problems. Addressing these problems would require the new kinds of professionals. Such professionals would possess competencies from a range of diverse disciplines and would be able to span the boundaries between sectors and spheres of life. However, education often lags behind ongoing changes in technologies, the job market, and our understanding of societal dynamics. Health is one of the most important spheres that currently pose a challenge for education systems. Health, as well as illness, constitutes a subject of concern for a number of academic disciplines, including both natural and social sciences. Currently, there is an ongoing quest to develop a comprehensive interdisciplinary view on health and illness and the ways through which ‘good health’ is co-produced by different actors. Such a view draws from both the more traditional health-related fields such as epidemiology and clinical medicine, and also relies on insights from public health, sociology, anthropology, and political economy. A narrow gaze of each discipline can illuminate certain health problems and potential solutions; but only when they are taken together within a fully integrated approach can we properly build an understanding of health and the possibilities for solving health problems. What does this mean for higher education and the training of professionals able to act in situations of rapid sociotechnical change, new health risks, and limits of health systems’ resources? Focusing on the domain of health, participants of this round table will discuss the future of education and universities.

- What is health and how to improve it in contemporary societies? What do our evolving interdisciplinary understandings of health mean for education?
- What kinds of health professionals are to be trained today; taking account of societal needs, public health problems, and ongoing technoscientific developments?
- Which competencies should health professionals of the future possess and how to introduce these competencies in the curricula?
- Do education systems need a new kind of teacher and which competencies and skills would such a teacher need?
- How should we conceive the relationships between universities and society?

Innovative development of the Russian medical industry: time to take stock

23 May 17:30 – 19:00
Location: Small hall, Scientific Library TSU, prospect Lenina 34, old building, 1st floor

Presently knowledge has become the primary resource of nations and this trend is reflected in the paramount importance attributed to the development of knowledge-based economies. It is commonly expected that knowledge-based economies place science and technology at the heart of their operation and continuously engage in innovating. Russia, just as many countries around the world, has chosen to focus on the innovative development pathway.
In the field of health, expectations related to innovations are particularly high. This includes the development of drugs to treat previously incurable diseases; general improvements in health care;, and the extension of an active and healthy life. Some expect to see rapid commercialisation followed by lavish profits or the growth of the local industry and the rise of its weight and status in international arenas. There are also fears and anxieties attached to innovations with regards to the potential creation of new inequalities and a redefinition of our ideas of what a human being is.
Given such divergences in expectations and priorities the question arises, how to assess a country’s innovative development. Currently, since many Russian programmes for innovative development in the field of health are more than halfway through, it is important to take a look at the intermediate results; taking account of the positions of different stakeholders including state decision-makers, businesses, universities, non-commercial organisations, patients, and Russia citizens):
- What has been achieved? How to assess these achievements?
- Who’s points of view and priorities are taken into account in the state programmes for innovative development in health?
- Who drives these processes and who is excluded?
- Who has access to the benefits brought about through innovative development and who fails to benefit from them.

Fighting antimicrobial resistance together

24 May 11:30 – 13:30
Location: Small hall, Scientific Library TSU, prospect Lenina 34, old building, 1st floor

The steadily increasing level of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in all parts of the world is a major threat for the treatment of infectious diseases. This makes AMR one of the most alarming issues for global health. AMR is an evolutionary process whereby microorganisms develop the ability to withstand antimicrobial drugs; thus making the treatment of infections ineffective, while raising the risk of spreading resistant microorganisms to other people. Diverse drivers of the emergence and dissemination of resistant microorganisms include the unequal distribution and misuse of antibiotics, the mobility of human populations, dumping of industrial pharmaceutical waste, and the use of antibiotics for cattle breeding. All these drivers, in turn, are deeply embedded in complex market, political, and social relations that span the boundaries between states, species, humans, and non-humans. To deal with this global challenge new research agendas are being developed, as well as new strategies of AMR surveillance, stewardship, and infectious diseases control. Increasingly, it has become clear that an interdisciplinary approach is required to deal with this challenge: AMR is not only a biological or medical phenomenon that can be defeated in a laboratory, it is also a social, cultural, and political issue. Therefore many disciplines and actors need to join forces to understand and fight AMR.

During this round table the participants will discuss how to understand and fight AMR together:
What are the current trends in addressing AMR globally and in specific regions?
What are the obstacles in fighting AMR?
How can we conceive new venues in interdisciplinary and intersectoral AMR research and action?
How can collaborations of microbiologists, medical doctors, public health specialists, social and political scientists, and anthropologists contribute to new understandings AMR?